are “Builders”. Firstly
builders of themselves. Next, by living up an example and exemplifying
standards, builders of a human society built upon values.
major task is to form oneself, to become a stone fit to be a part of the
“Temple of Humanity”.
Remarks – Freemasonry and Symbols
has three “qualities”:
the Royal Art
an Entered Apprentice,
a young Mason is faced with a number of symbols from the Builder’s Craft, and
he ought to learn, that a Mason uses symbols as means of conversation, because a
symbol is open to different meanings, and does not necessarily stand for a
definite fact alone. Thus, Masons may widen their horizon in sharing each
individual understanding thereon in a non-dogmatic and tolerant manner.
was, in the time of the development of Modern Freemasonry in early 18th
century, a revolutionary concept. In a time, when open discussions would subject
the participants to persecution and sometimes even threaten their lives, because
those days the worldly and religious authorities did not quite appreciate frank
then, as is today, opened a platform for every member, to share their thoughts
and learn from each other by adding to the concepts already given, regardless of
social status, rank and nobility.
into yourself” is an important theme the Entered Apprentice faces. This
command emblematically represented by the plumbline. He is to listen, to learn
and to reflect himself, to find out who he is and to reflect his shortcomings in
order to enable him to erect himself uprightly, to improve himself according to
his desires and definition of good.
a Fellow of the Craft,
a whole series of new symbols is given him. Not only the stone-builder’s
tools, not only the history of Freemasonry, but also all the “Liberal Arts”,
that are known to man, e.g. Rhetoric, Geometry, Astronomy, Music and others are
for his reflection. This is to teach us, that wherever we happen to stand, all
the aspects of human life are given us as means of growth, as ways to learn by
about yourself” as theme is emblematically represented by the level. This
instrument emphasizes, that a Fellow of the “Gentle Craft” should always be
aware of the fact that man interacts with his fellow creatures. The application
and implementation of our ethical skills in our daily life, is the important
lesson here learnt. Thus, by living as example of our ideals, a Mason might
hopefully positively influence his environment, jobwise as well as in general
common human politics, and become a “living stone” in the “building of the
Temple of Humanity”.
must be of even higher standards. He ought to be so skilled, that he needs no
longer to reflect upon the aforementioned themes, but has so internalized them
that he may freely start to build such beautiful artefacts, as we term the
“Building of the Temple”.
above yourself”, that command is represented by the Master’s (G.A.o.t.U.)
square – find your position within the Creation, reflect upon the Great
TracingBoard and think in dimensions of erecting the Temple.
1: The Qualities of Freemasonry:
into yourself !
as language of tolerant discussion
of the Craft
about yourself !
of knowledge as working tool in life
above yourself !
for the Building of the Temple
use the symbol of “Building the Temple of Humanity”.
in all ages was considered to be a constructive act. Already in earliest days,
it was also employed emblematically as expression of creating a spiritual
edifice, and served worldly and religious leaders to unify the people and as one
method of forming a nation.
bring some light to this aspect, let us, as an example, quickly have a look into
the description in the Holy Writ regarding the operations necessary at the
building of King Solomon’s Temple.
did Israel look like those days?
the “scientific” approach, let us have a look into the Israelite society of
oldest days. It consisted of a loose conglomerate of 12 tribes, just having
settled from nomadic shepherd tribes into farmers (a story being told with Cain
tribes lived in between the huge realms of Egypt, Babylonia, Phoenicia and
Persia and were then reigned by King David, followed by his son, King Solomon.
first stunning fact is, that outside the Holy Scriptures nothing can be found on
King Solomon. Modern archaeology could not identify a single piece of
documentation mentioning him without the realms of ancient Israel - no scrolls,
nothing hewn in stone. Quite amazing for a ruler, who has played such an
important role in his nation.
A few years ago, the yellowpress stated a sensational finding of a stone,
engraved in different languages, mentioning the name of Ling Solomon and the
Temple. Shortly thereafter another sensational relict was “found”, a stone
container keeping the mortal reminders of Jesu’s brother. The whole thing was
soon being identified as forged, together with over 200 more sensations. Still,
there is nothing outside the Bible mentioning King Solomon and his involvement
of the Building of the Temple. )
from the lack of notice without the history writing of Israel itself ,it appears
that the tribes of Israel were not even worth being mentioned to their
neighbours.. What we know is, that they called the people of these tribes “habiru”,
meaning roamers or loafers, from which today’s name “Hebrew” originates.
course the Israelites did not quite appreciate this denomination too well and
insisted to be named after their founding father „Israel“, which translates
as „GOD’s warrior“ thus „Israelites“ is commonly translated as „GOD
shall fight (for us) “ or „GOD shall rule“.
order to form a national identity, the tribes of Israel used a group dynamic
process still in use today. They emphasized the differences between the
“chosen people” and the “perverts” without, who commited sodomy,
worshipped idols and turned away from the “One God”. On the contrary to
those unbelievers, Israel had a belief in the “One True God” and wanted to
build him a Temple.
economic impact of the Building of the Temple in the area is described within
the Holy Scriptures.
workers were employed, of which 90,000 Apprentices laboured in the quarries,
30,000 Fellows of the Craft fitted the stones for the builder’s use, presented
their work for inspection to the Overseers, Master Overseers took care that the
organisation in the building ground went smoothly and the designs were executed
properly, Architects designed in accordance with statics, material properties
and the religious demands, in addition transport workers and freight experts,
bakers, butchers, caterers, school teachers for the worker’s families and many
more had to be actively involved to make the undertaking a success. A whole
nation needed to employed for such a building site.
(2. Chronicles Chapter 2) and (2. Samuel 5, 11) we read that King Solomon
formally called for assistance from his neighbour, Hiram King of Tyre in asking
for material and workers.
was one of the major harbours in the Mediterranean and the most important
trading nation those days. Hiram King of Tyre assisted with his fleet to
transport woods from Lebanon. Gold for the adornment was brought from the famous
gold land “Ophir” (in today’s area of Abessinia) and from Saba (in the
area of today’s Jemen and Ethiopia).
We read that Hiram, King of Tyre was a son of a widow of the tribe Naphtali, and
his father had been a Tyrean blacksmith. The king sent the best design drawers,
architects and master builders. One of which was a master called Hiram-Abi, said
to have been the son of a woman of the tribe Dan, whose father was Tyrean.
the well governed nations around with high amount of a highly developed
bureaucracy, it seems to be quite amazing, that with the amount of material
being mentioned in the Bible, not a single trace is left for our inspection in
any documentation of these realms which does plentily exist. That leads
scientists to the conclusion that the size of the temple can not be too
unifying character of such an undertaking is self-evident and was often
practiced before and afterwards. This could be a reason to adopt it as example.
this was not the first time in history, such a task was done to form and unify a
nation. The Temple of King Solomon was build around 988 b.C., the Babylonians
had build their “Zikkurates” about 2,000 years earlier, and the Egyptians
had build Pyramids, which were much bigger in size.
size and glory of King Solomon’s Temple. though being described in the Holy
Scriptures as being enormous, can by no means compare to the Egyptian Pyramids,
Babylonian cities, Phoenician fortifications or Persian palaces. When size
matters, it is not a key argument to adopt the Temple as a key symbol to
then about the beauty of the Temple? Would that lead us any further in our
question of the import to us Masons? At former excavations, there were not found
too many ritual vessels on the Temple Mountain. Some might have been carried
away by the Romans. And the political situation in the Holy Land at present does
not allow any further excavations. Despite of the the fact of little
archeological findings, I am of the belief that the beauty must be found rather
the ritual meaning, and not the fiscal importance of ornamentation.
makes King Solomon’s Building of the Temple so different from the former large
buildings of Babylonia and Egypt? Following the chrononogy of large buildings in
history, we come from the Babylonian “Zikkurat” and the Egyptian Pyramides
to the Salomonic Temple.
The Zikkurates of the Babylonians, in Old Testament named as „Tower of
Babylon“, were buildings where man wanted to adore himself, trying thereby to
make himself “even to GOD”. In the eyes of the
Jewish this is considered to be blasphemy.
The Pyramids were, and still are, the ultimate „super-buildings“. For sure
they were an instrument to form and unify a nation. (As an interesting side-note
of history, they were not even mentioned within the Holy Bible.) They served as
glorification of the Pharaoh who was considered to be man and God the same time,
and they were the means by which man believed to work on his own immortality.
indicated above, all the neighbouring nations of Israel were looked down upon,
as means of group dynamics. Amongst all those nations, Egypt was somewhat exempt
from the bad-speaking – possibly due to the close connection of Moses with the
house of the Pharaoh where he was risen.
been such close to the Pharaoh himself, Moses necessarily must have been
somewhat involved with the building of some pyramid. Such pyramid was, in
comparison with the Babylonian buildings, not to indicate that man deemed
himself higher than the gods, but still as adoration of the Pharaoh, the
God-King. Mose’s participation at such an undertaking must have been
considered by the Jewish as blasphemic also. Maybe that is, why Egypt and his
pyramids are “discretely left out” in the telling of history within the Holy
Bible, and this might also be a reason for the descritiion of this period as
“Egyptian Slavery” as a means of inner distancing from those.
Now, after the building of the „Tower of Babylon“ where man wanted to
elevate himself above God, and after the building of the pyramids, where man
adored Pharaoh as one God-King and wanted to bild on his own immortality,
finally King Solomon began his Building of the Temple.
Solomon’s Temple is again a great work which could serve to unify a nation.
But it is also an expression of Solomon’s famous wisdom - it is a religious
statement. For the first time ever, this large edifice is not a work, where man
glorifies himself. Nor being created to elevate one man to the status of
God-King. The building of this Temple unifies the forces and powers of a whole
nation solely for the reason to “glorify “the One and Only True and
Living GOD. That is the core statement of the Jewish Nation: The Temple is
supposed to be an offer to HIM to take his house in the midst of his people.
That is, what makes this building so different from all the others before.
plan to build a house fort he LORD was already made by his father, Kind David.
But David believed that his hands were too bloodstained. Therefore he considered
himself unworthy to build such house for the Lord. In dying, he begged his son
Solomon, whom he considered to be innocent, to commence such Great Work.
Temple is said to be a representation of the Tabernacle, which commemorates the
covenant of the LORD with his people given to Moses at the burning bush when
leading the “children of Israel” from captivity, and wherein Israel offered
a place for the LORD to live in, in the midst of his people.
is the “father” of the Nation of Israel. Undoubted by any historian, he was
accepted as the historian author of the Pentateuch (the 5 Books of Moses). In
the Jewish narration of his birth, his name is explained with the Hebrew word mšh,
„draw“, and shall remind us to the story where his step-mother has „drawn
him out of the waters“, where, according to the Old Testament, he was put in
into a weed basket into the Nile river. Pharaoh’s daughter pulled him out and
raised him. Later he became an important officer at Pharaoh’s court, and still
later he lead the “Children of Israel” out of the “Egyptian Slavery”.
scientists rather believe that Moses’ name comes from the Egyptian word mśj,
„to be born / to give life“. And as such it would be in concordance with
such Egyptian names as usually found as compound with a god’s name, as i.e. Rá-mś-św
gave him life “ and Dḥwtj- mś-św (Thutmoses) „Thot
gave him life“. Many such names are found in Egyptian inscriptions and were
also often wrtiien without the name of the demominating god (Mś-św / Mś).
ist he one to whom the LORD spoke in the burning bush and said: “I am the Only
God“. He also told him HIS name: אֶהְיֶה
’ähi’jäh - „I
AM THAT I AM “– often written down in form of the Tetragrammaton יהוה
- „JOD-HEH WAV-HEH“.
LORD also stated that he is a “jealous GOD”, and commanded in the First
Commandment: „Thou shalt not have other gods besides me “.
taught his people that man shall not speak out the „Name of GOD“, that the
name of GOD is unspeakable, because man can not comprehend GOD. In
consequence, Moses himself can hardly have GOD’s name as part of his own name.
He can not be some „Jah - Mś-św“ (GOD gave him life“), he can
actually just be a „...-Mś-św“, which is („...“gave him life).
2: The Name of Moses:
gave him life “
gave him life“
gave him life“
3: The Name of GOD:
AM THAT I AM “
historically in the medieval European Builder’s Guilds in the gothic period,
one might actually wonder why Freemasons use the term of building a
“Temple”, rather than building a “Cathedral” or a “Dome”.
do we use this symbol? And where does “King Solomon” come into play? Just
stating that this king was the patron of the builders would not be satisfactory.
What is so important of his undertaking? Presuming that it has to do with his
“wisdom”, what kind of wisdom was it, that makes it so important to us?
carries the answer to this question within it’s own Order – it is the
knowledge of the “lost word”, which gives us the key. It is it’s meaning
that elaborates the Temple.
Ancients worshipped various gods of nature, when they believed to observe
miracles and wonders (e.g. thunder, lightning etc.).
the burning bush, it is fort he first time, that man (here Moses) is allowed to
speak to “Jahwe “ The first Letter of the Tetragrammaton: “JAH” denotes
“I” or “It is I”. The following syllables of the Hebrew Tetragrammaton,
“HWH” complete the name of GOD.
the “I AM THAT I AM” it is not to be meant as just a simple “Here I am“,
implementing a “do not ask any further and keep your distance”. It is rather
a J A H W E : I am the „I AM HERE“ for you.
familiar contact with GOD is still today with the Jewish practice.
Temple is a manifest of such knowledge. This statement binds King Solomon and
his Building of the Temple with the operative and speculative Masons of the
„I AM HERE for you” is also the central statement of the Rabbi named
Jesus, the son of Joseph, who always pointed out that man should turn himself to
GOD and obstain from self-adoration and idolatry. Man should be kind to man and
love his neighbour, consider all mankind as one family, all being GOD’s
the “Building of the Temple” becomes a symbol for the belief that all men
can consider themselves to be one unity. The stones for such building are the
people. That “ Building of the New Temple” is far more than just a moral or
ethical exemplification of history. It is the central element of our whole
is to be found the key for the importance of exactly this Temple to Freemasonry.
early operative stonemasons of the „Compagnonnage des Fils du Roi Solomon“,
the „Brotherhood of Fellows of the Sons of Solomon“,under the patronage of
the Order of the Temple, were one of the first groups of cathedral builders. By
emulating this “speculative” building into “operative” craftsmanship, by
building cathedrals for the glorification of the LORD, they pointed out this
concept, putting into stone the motto of the Templar’s Order: „Non nobis,
Domine, non nobis, sed nomine tuo da gloriam“ – „Not unto us, o LORD, not
unto us, but unto THY name give glory“.
us therefore all be living stones in the building of the Great Temple !
us form ourselves, upright and in accordance with the plumbline, let us remember
that we are on the same level with all mankind, and let us be tried by the
Master’s square !
our light so shine before us, that men may see the good works, and glorify our
Father who is in heaven !
there be light !
2009 - Masonic Qualifications of The Author:
Janotta received the Light in March 1991 in his Mother Lodge “Licht am
Stein” # 629 (“Große Landesloge der Freimaurer von Deutschland –
Freimaurerorden” which operates in the Swedish Rite System within the
“United Grand Lodges of Germany – Brotherhood of Freemasons”)
lived and laboured in the USA for 1 ½ years, he was granted permission to
affiliate with “Copper Country” Lodge # 135 in the GL of Michigan, where he
joined the Scottish Rite in Marquette, MI (Northern Jur.) and the Shrine in
back to Germany, and after the German Wall came down, he was one of the
re-founding members of “Harraseiche” Lodge # 705 in Chemnitz in the formerly
Eastern Germany, holds District Grand Rank since 1996 within the “Große
Landesloge der Freimaurer von Deutschland – Freimaurerorden”, and served for
six years as Presiding Master of the Scottish St. Andrew’s Lodge “Lux et
veritas” (Große Landesloge der Freimaurer von Deutschland).
affiliated with “Solomon” Lodge # 822 in 1996, served there as Master in
2001-2002, and was District Deputy Grand Master of the Masonic District # 2 of
the American Canadian Grand Lodge within the United Grand Lodges of Germany in
served actively in all chairs of the American Military Scottish Rite Bodies,
Orient of NATO Bodies (Southern Jur.), he received his 33° in 2003.
he served many years as Grand Officer in the Supreme Grand Chapter of Royal Arch
Masons of Germany and the Grand Council of Cryptic Masons of Germany received
KYCH in 2003, and is a Past Grand King and Past Illustrious Deputy Grand Master,
as well as Past President of the Order of Anointed High Priesthood and of the
Order of the Silver Trowel.
He is a
past Souvereign of the “Pilgrim” Conclave # (Order of the Red Cross of
Constantine), was in 2000–2001 Second Vice President of the European Shrine
Club, four times Past Commander of “Heidelberg” Commandery # 2 (Grand
Encampment of the United States of America), Past President of the “Order of
Anointed High Priests of Germany” and the “Order of the Silver Trowel of
Germany”, holds District Grand Rank in the “Grand Chapter of British Mark
Master Masons of Germany”, is Past Commander of “Keys of Münster” RAM #
1515 within the Grand Chapter of British Royal Ark Mariners of Germany, HRAKTP
(since 1999), Ambassador at Large by appointment of the Grand Council of Allied
Masonic Degrees“, USA and since 2001 Supremus Magus IX° within the „Societas
Rosicruciana in Civitatibus Foederatis“.
is “spread light by light”, he prefers to be addressed as “Brother