a general reaction to Freemasonry in the Islamic world. After Clement XII
excommunicated Freemasonry in 1738, under the pressure of his Christian subjects
and with the approval of the “ulema” (Islamic theologians) who were thinking
that “If the Pope declares that
Freemasons arte atheists, there must be some truth in his words” , Sultan
Mahmut I outlawed Freemasonry. Since that date “Freemason” became synonym to
“atheist” in the Ottoman Empire.
declaration of the second constitutional monarchy in the Empire
(1908), the Islamic reaction organized a revolt in Istanbul. This revolt
has been crashed by the “Action Army” and Sultan Abdulhamid II has been
dethroned. The Action Army had been organized and commanded by Freemasons.
The committee of five deputies
that came to announce to Abdulhamit that he had been dethroned, were Freemasons,
all five of them. These facts have reinforced the existing reaction to
Freemasonry by the radical Islamic community. The Sultan was also the Caliph of
all Islam and the guardian of the sacred grounds in Mecca and Medina. Anything
that happened in the Ottoman Empire influenced the Arab and Islamic world at
years preceding the Second World War and also during the War, the Nazi
propaganda of a Judeo – Masonic plot to govern the world, the actions of
Sheriff Hussein in Jerusalem and finally the creation of the State of Israel
have all strengthened this anti-Masonic feeling, this time with a touch of
anti-Semitism going with it. The Arabs regard Freemasonry as a force against
Islam, which even makes fun of Islam, and which was the cause of the success of
European imperialism in Arabia. The atheist and anti – clerical stance of the
Grand Orient of France is reinforcing this current.
is outlawed, in general, in Arab countries. There was a flourishing Freemasonry
in Algeria, before it gained independence. Freemasonry is prohibited in all Arab
countries except Lebanon and Morocco. The lodges laboring in the American bases
in these countries are an exception.
Lodge of Morocco has been consecrated by the GLNF in1999. M.W. Bro. Claude
Charboniaud, Grand Master of the GLNF, wishing to accomplish this ceremony with
the participation of the Grand Master of a Grand Lodge existing in an Islamic
country, has gracefully invited the Grand Master of the Grand Lodge of Turkey,
Bro. Sahir Talat Akev, for a joint consecration ceremony. Our Grand Master could
not come because of his ill health and he passed away to the Eternal East, on
the 14th June 2000, the day of the consecration of the Grand Lodge of
Morocco. The Grand Lodge of Turkey had been represented by another Grand Officer.
on the 23rd March 1973, the High Court of Casablanca, after a long
court procedure, had given the verdict that Freemasonry was compatible with
Islam. This verdict has been published in Tesviye No. 51,
both in Turkish and in its official French translation.
Egyptian Freemasonry had been hand in hand with Ottoman Freemasonry. When the
Grand Lodge of Turkey, after being recognized and later reconsecrated by the
Grand Lodge of Scotland, to obtain its recognition by the UGLE and the G.L. of
Ireland, proved that its origin was regular showing that the Lodge Resne, one of
its founding lodges, had its charter from the Grand Lodge of Egypt, a regular
obedience at the time.
Lodge of Egypt had regular and irregular periods in its history.
Halim Pasha, the son od Mehmet Ali Pasha from Kavala who was the first
Khedive (viceroy) of Egypt, founded the Scottish Rite in Turkey in 1861 and in
Egypt in 1866, and has been supreme Grand Commander in both countries. As the
Grand Lodge of Egypt started to accept some irregular rites, as the Rite of
Memphis – Misraïm, the UGLE declared it irregular and founded its own
District Grand Lodge in 1867, with Halim Pasha as its first Master. The nephew
of Halim Pasha, the Khedive Ismail who had the Suez Channel opened, was probably
a Freemason, but there is no written record to prove it. On the other hand, his
son has been initiated without any doubt.
after the King Farouk had been dethroned, Freemasonry was disgraced and was
closed after the 1956 Suez crisis, by Gamal Abdelnasser.
spite that the Rotarian wife of Husnu Mubarek, President of Egypt, organizes the
foreign relations of the Egyptian Rotary, this organization is regarded as a
camouflaged Freemasonry by the radical Islamic community.
El-Amin, in his book, “Freemasonry,
Ancient Egypt and the Islamic Destiny” compares the symbolism of the Ancient Egyptian mysteries and
Islamic scriptures with those of the craft. According to El-Amin, although the
Masonic rites and symbols are derived from Egypt, they have reached us through
the Jews. Thus, the Jews had been operational in the ridiculization of the
wisdom of Egypt in Masonic lodges. The writer says that the Shriners, with their
fez and crescents are mocking the Islamic religion. The “problem” of
“Masonry mocking the Moslem Faith” is also treated by Dr. Paul Rich;
he states that: “The prohibition of
Masonry in the Muslim Countries of the Middle
East is paltry because there are aspects of Masonry which religious
people feel verge on mocking their faith. An example of Masonic ritual which
offends some, and that shows the gulf between believers and Masons, is the
resemblance between the assassination and exhumation of the candidate in the
third or Master Mason degree and religious accounts of resurrection. Almost
nothing can be said to correct their common interpretation of the third degree
that the Mason is saved by Freemasonry and not by religion”.
El – Azhar University in Cairo
and the Islamic Jurisdictional College
the most influential body in promulgating and interpreting Islamic Law is the
Islamic Jurisdictional College (IJC).
At its meeting on 15 July 1978, it issued an opinion concerning “The
declared: “After complete research concerning this organization, based on
written accounts from many sources, we have determined that”:
Freemasonry is a
clandestine organization, which conceals or reveals its system, depending on the
circumstances. Its actual principles are hidden from members, except for chosen
members of its higher degrees.
The members of the
organization, worldwide, are drawn from men without preference for their
religion, faith or sect.
attracts members on the basis of providing personal benefits. It traps men into
being politically active, and its aims are unjust.
New members participate
in ceremonies of different names and symbols, and are frightened from disobeying
its regulations and orders.
Members are free to
practice their religion, but only members who are atheists are promoted to its
higher degrees, based on how much they are willing to serve its dangerous
principles and plans.
It is a political
organization. It has served all revolutions, military and political
transformations. In all dangerous changes a relation to this organization
appears either exposed or veiled.
It is a Jewish
Organization in its roots. Its secret higher international administrative board
are Jews and it promotes Zionist activities.
Its primary objectives
are the distraction of all religions and it distracts Muslims from Islam.
It tries to recruit
influential financial, political, social, or scientific people to utilize them.
It does not consider applicants it cannot utilize. It recruits kings, prime
ministers, high government officials and similar individuals.
It has branches under
different names as a camouflage, so people cannot trace its activities,
especially if the name of “Freemasonry” has opposition. These hidden
branches are known as Lions, Rotary and others. They have wicked principles that
completely contradict the rules of Islam. There is a clear relationship between
Freemasonry, Judaism and International Zionism. It has controlled the activities
of high Arab officials in the Palestinian problem. It has limited their duties,
obligations and activities for the benefit of Judaism and International Zionism.
that Freemasonry involves itself in dangerous activities, it is a great hazard,
with wicked objectives, the Jurisdictional Synod determines that Freemasonry is
a dangerous, destructive organization. Any Muslim, who affiliates with it,
knowing the truth of its objectives, is an infidel to Islam”.
Masonic Musings, The Victorian Lodge of Research No.218, The Craft in Islamic
In the El – Azhar University, Cairo (C.L.)
This is an edited summery